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GAMMA AR participates in the Global Tech Conference, ICT Spring Europe

GAMMA AR participates in the Global Tech Conference, ICT Spring Europe

The construction technology company GAMMA AR takes part in the 2021 ICT Spring Europe in Luxembourg, on the 14th and 15th September. Rendez-vous at ECCL in Kirchberg for the most incredible Global Tech Conference in Luxembourg.
gamma ar construction technology at ICT Spring

Meet the GAMMA AR team at stand A31 the next 14th and 15th September.

Want to learn more about the innovative construction technology, GAMMA AR? Organizers of ICT Spring Europe published our article 4 Reasons Why You Need A Construction App. A complete article to give you a better idea of the benefits of the construction app and how to get the most of it.

We look forward to meeting all of you and we are proud to take part in such a well-known Luxemburgish event.

About GAMMA AR

GAMMA AR is a Construction App that brings BIM models intuitively to the construction site using Augmented Reality. It helps BIM Managers, Construction Site Managers, and other stakeholders to prevent errors and facilitate communication between the field and the office.

Check out the features of the software and start your 30-day free trial now.

If you have any questions or need support, send us an email at info@gamma-ar.com

If you have not tried GAMMA AR yet, start your free trial now. The application is available on iOS and on Android

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Choose your favorite building: Unusual Watching Tower

Choose your favorite building: Unusual Watching Tower

This week (on 31st of August 2021), we take a step up! Among many unusual and original buildings, we count incredible and vertiginous watching towers. If you are not afraid of heights, look at 3 outstanding towers (and visit someday) located in Europe.

1. Marsk Tower

Marsk Tower building
Source photo: Ramsus Hjortshoj

The Marsk Tower translated by “Marsh Tower” owes its name to its location, which is in the marshlands of Denmark’s National Park, Wadden Sea, an UNESCO World heritage site. The Architects in charge of this project are from the Danish design studio Bjarke Ingels Group.

The tower’s design is simple and defined by Corten steel materiality, which is a material both solid and robust. The tower itself is inspired by a human DNA.

BIG worked on the design as part of a local partnership with Marsk Camp Group. The structure was built by local company Schack Trapper.

Information source:
– ArchDaily project page: https://www.archdaily.com/966611/marsk-tower-big
– BIG project page: https://big.dk/#projects-marsk
– Marsk Camp: https://www.marskcamp.com/tower

2. Vlooyberg Tower

Bloomberg tower building
Source photo: Kris Van den Bosch

The Vlooyberg Tower is a watchting tower located in Tielt-Winge, Belgium. The tower was completed in 2013 by the Belgium Engineering Studio Close to Bone. The structure is a great eye-catcher; a tower and a stairway that floats, the distinction can be confusing! To ensure the strongest structure, the Architect and Structural Engineer behind this original, Yves Willems, had to manually calculate the forces acting in each element. His findings gave the stairway tower its ultimate form and dimensions. Finally, its structure was prefabricated and assembled on site section by section, which only took half a day to install.

In 2018, the Vlooyberg Tower was the victim of an arson attack that required the rebuilding and enlargement of its structure, still led by Close to Bone.

Information source:

– ArchDaily Project Page: https://www.archdaily.com/787423/vlooyberg-tower-close-to-bone
– Dezeen Article: https://www.dezeen.com/2018/07/05/vlooyberg-tower-close-to-bone-arson/

3. Mur Tower

Mur Tower building
Source photo: Render ©

The observation tower is located over the river Mur at the Austrian border with Slovenia. Constructed in 2009for an opening at the beginning of spring 2010, the design and planning of the tower and exteriors was done by terrain:loenhart & mayr Architects. The landscape Architects of this project are Munich/Graz.

The idea of the structure of the Mur Tower is a double helix that is perceived as a continuous path rising through the trees. The circular path passes through the different levels of the forest (ecological storeys, floodplain forest) and thus, enables the visitors to experience the eco system and the microclimate of the forest.

The history behind the double spiral comes from the architects, terrain, that were inspired by the Graz Castlestaircase built around 1500 and well known for the unique spatial atmosphere it creates.

A polygonalised spatial structure was developed in collaboration with the structural planners. This development considered all the relevant aspects of the structure and the technical production. An integrated approach was thus adopted for the design process. Indeed, the models designs studied were dimensioned in digital domains to then once again be checked from an architectural point of view in physical models. This process was repeated several times, until the desired structure was established.

Information source:
– Terrain Project Page: https://www.terrain.eco/project/tower-at-the-mur-river
– ArchDaily Project Page: https://www.archdaily.com/121882/observation-tower-on-the-river-mur-terrainloenhartmayr

About GAMMA AR

GAMMA AR is a Construction App that brings BIM models intuitively to the construction site using Augmented Reality. It helps BIM Managers, Construction Site Managers, and other stakeholders to prevent errors and facilitate communication between the field and the office.

Check out the features of the software and start your 30-day free trial now.

If you have any questions or need support, send us an email at info@gamma-ar.com

If you have not tried GAMMA AR yet, start your free trial now. The application is available on iOS and on Android

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Choose your favorite building: Buildings that will be completed in 2021

Choose your favorite building: Buildings that will be completed in 2021

This week’s theme (on 24th of August 2021) is about buildings that will be completed in 2021. The selection was intense because many amazing constructions will be delivered this year. But let’s focus on three of them that caught our team’s attention!

1. Valley by MVRDV

Valley is a mixed-use building located within the Zuidas business district of Amsterdam, Netherlands. As we can see in the introduction video of Cities of the Future, Valley is more than just a simple building. It turns out to be a liveable and complete urban quarter with not only residential apartments but also, bars, restaurants, offices… It is a public space where everybody is invited to go. The project derives its name from the publicly accessible terraced valley that is spread out in-between its three mixed-use, towers.

The project begins in 2015 with a competition initiated by the municipality of Amsterdam for the development of the P15 Ravel Plot, now named Valley, in the Zuidas Business District. This area is an important and international business center lacking residential quarters. The aim of the Valley project was to create a multifunctional building that is in harmony with the already established landscape of the district.

MVRDV and EDGE Technologies were selected for this project. The building was designed by Architect Winy Maas, who share his envision of the architecture with EDGE. About the vegetation, it is internationally renowned Landscape Architect Piet Oudolf who designed it, focusing on a year-round green appearance.

About the project, Coen Van Oostrom CEO of EDGE Technologies says, “It is open for the public, and this is the future of cities”.

Information source:
MVRDV Project Page: https://www.mvrdv.nl/projects/233/valley
Cities of the Future video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dJve6gcaRVo
ArchDaily article: https://www.archdaily.com/879113/mvrdv-breaks-ground-on-mixed-use-valley-to-inject-life-into-amsterdams-business-district

2. Little Island by Heatherwick Studio

Little Island building
Source photo: Timothy Schenck

Little Island is a public park located in New York, USA. This project was initiated following a design competition conducted by the Hudson River Park Trust and businessman and philanthropist Barry Diller. Appointed in 2013, the project was completed and opened to the public in May 2021Jerry Elengical write about this project, the following: [the project] intends to provide a serene retreat from the relentlessly bustling and hectic atmosphere of ‘The city that never sleeps’.

It took 8 years to design, plan, develop and construct this rectangular garden island. It was the London-based studio Heatherwick Studio that was awarded in the competition and designed the public park. Founder and Design Director of the studio, Thomas Heatherwick, said about the project that they were asked to conceive a sculptural structure to do on a design for a newly enlarged piece of the Hudson River Park promenade. Little Island is envisioned as a “miniature green oasis” that is separate from the larger island of Manhattan.

Heatherwick Studio drew from the existing hundreds of old wooden piles stuck out of the Hudson River. The main idea was to raise the park on its foundations and results to a design developed as a system of repeating piles which each form a generous planter at their top. For landscape design, the studio collaborated with the New York-based firm, Mathew Nielsen Landscape Architects.

Description provided by Stir World

British firm Arup served as the project’s engineering consultants, generating a full fabrication 3D model to accurately recreate the park’s complex structural geometries. The process of assembly took place in five stages.

– First, piles were erected on-site.
– During the same time, the precast elements were fabricated locally, transported to site by boat.
– Then mounted atop them.
– The structural slab was further cast in place above the supports to tie everything together.
– This was followed by final finishing and landscaping.

Information source:
Heatherwick Studio Project Page: http://www.heatherwick.com/project/pier55/
https://www.stirworld.com/see-features-heatherwick-studio-s-little-island-opens-in-new-york-as-a-green-microcosm

3. Bee’ah Headquarters by Zaha Hadid Architects

beech headquarters building
Source photo: Render © MIR

The Bee’ah Headquarters building is located in Sharjah, Dubai, UAE. The project starts in 2013, with an international design competition won by Zaha Hadid Architects. Bee’ah is a leading integrated environmental & waste management company, thus, the goal was to strive the highest standards of renewable energy and sustainability.

With a zero-waste goal, the Be’ah Headquarters is designed as a zero net energy consumption building. To provide the energy needed to the building, photovoltaic panels are integrated in the design.

The design of the building, approach by Zaha Hadid (1950 – 2016) with Patrik Schumacher, is inspired by the form of sand dunes that surrounds it. Also, it is oriented in a way to prevail winds. The building has been constructed using recycled materials. The structure has been developed in collaboration with Buro Happold to minimize material consumption through architectural and structural integration.

Thanks to the work of Zaha Hadid Architects’ team, the new Bee’ah Headquarters building is defined by the same principles of the goal of the company itself.

Information source:
Zaha Hadid Architects Project Page: https://www.zaha-hadid.com/architecture/beeah-headquarters-sharjah-uae/
ArchDaily article written by Patrick Lynchhttps://www.archdaily.com/885744/zaha-hadid-architects-beeah-headquarters-tops-out-in-uae

About GAMMA AR

GAMMA AR is a Construction App that brings BIM models intuitively to the construction site using Augmented Reality. It helps BIM Managers, Construction Site Managers, and other stakeholders to prevent errors and facilitate communication between the field and the office.

Check out the features of the software and start your 30-day free trial now.

If you have any questions or need support, send us an email at info@gamma-ar.com

If you have not tried GAMMA AR yet, start your free trial now. The application is available on iOS and on Android

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Choose your favorite building: Norman Foster Edition

Choose your favorite building: Norman Foster Edition

This week’s theme (on 17th of August 2021) is a Special Edition. Of all the buildings we know, great architects are behind them. Therefore, we are thrilled to present three different buildings from the same Architect, here Norman Foster. It is not that easy to choose one favorite between all his fabulous works. Apple Park, Galeries Lafayette, Samba Headquarters… Discover now three of the latest works of Norman and Foster + Partners.

1. Apple Park (USA)

Apple Park building
Source photo: By Arne Müseler / www.arne-mueseler.com, CC BY-SA 3.0 de, Link

The Apple Park is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc., located at One Apple Park Way in California, USA. The campus construction started in November 2013 and were completed in 2018. It was however already opened to employees in April 2017, while still being under construction.

This is not the first collaboration between Foster + Partners and Apple Inc.. Indeed, the architectural firm is the driving force behind the creation of many innovative Apple Stores around the world. We will have the occasion to come back and write about many of these buildings in another article in the future.

The main building’s scale and circular ground scraper designed by Norman Foster got its name from its Spaceship shape.

Reported by BIM CommunityBIM and the Bentley software has been used for this futuristic-looking structure. The responsible for the building shell and core were Skanksa and DPR, with the help of Arup as scheme’s engineers.

Foster + Partners mentioned the campus as Californian in spirit: open, connected to nature and the product of a remarkable collaboration.

Finally, about the style of the campus, it takes its architectural style from Neo-futurism.

The Apple Park remains one of the most innovative places in the world, containing all the secrets of the Applecompany. It replaced the former Infinity Loop (which opened in 1993) in 2017 to create an ever-more creative environment as envisioned by Steve Jobs (who unfortunately could not see it, passed away shortly after the agreement given by the city of San Francisco.). He wanted the campus to look less like a business park and more like a nature refuge. And, thus, 80% of the site consists of green space planted with drought-resistant trees and plants indigenous to the Cupertino area, and the center courtyard of the main building features an artificial pond (VentureBeat – Check the Information Source).

Information source:
– 7 things you don’t know about Apple Park: https://www.admagazine.fr/architecture/balade/diaporama/7-choses-que-vous-ne-saviez-pas-sur-le-siege-dapple/60812
– VentureBeat: https://venturebeat.com/2016/06/04/a-look-at-apples-insanely-ambitious-tree-planting-plans-for-its-new-spaceship-campus/
– Foster + Partners Project Page: https://www.fosterandpartners.com/projects/apple-park/

2. Galeries Lafayette (Luxembourg)

galeries Lafayette building
Source photo: Nigel Young

YES! Norman Foster has designed one of the most famous luxury department store brands in our country. The Galeries Lafayette is positioned at the end of Grand Rue and Rue Aldringen, in the heart of Luxembourg City. The project, completed in 2019, is conducted by Foster + Partners, in collaboration with Luxembourg studio Tetra Kayser Associés.

The elaboration of the 6-storey building’s design took several studies to establish a timeless yet contemporary addition to the rich mix of existing buildings. (We will soon publish an article on the variety of architecture that exists in Luxembourg, this building will be part of it) The idea in this design is to create an attractive, enjoyable, and dynamic retail experience for customers.

The creative and original concept mix architecture, fashion, and applied art. The exterior facades, entirely glazed and transparent, complements and blend into the existing building and fabric of the historic city.

Information source:
– Foster + Partners Project Page: https://www.fosterandpartners.com/projects/galeries-lafayette/
https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5c331d9550a54f7640c7d2af/t/5ddfae0ff26533387ad7b0a1/1574940181768/Dossier+de+presse_Galeries+Lafayette+Luxembourg_Novembre+2019.pdf

3. Samba Headquarters (Saudi Arabia)

Samba Headquarters building
Source photo: Foster + Partners website

The Samba bank and financial services group new headquarters is located at the heart of FinancialPlaza, the centerpiece of Riyadh’s new King Abdullah Financial District in Saudi Arabia. The construction started in 2011 and were completed in 2020.

Among the stakeholders of the project, we have Buro Happold as the Structural Engineer, Aecom as Quantity Surveyor, Charles Funke Associates as Landscape Architect, and Claude Engle as lighting Engineer. All these stakeholders worked together with Foster + Partners.

This new headquarters provides a bold symbol for the bank and a highly flexible design to enable future expansion. The structure is diamond-shaped on a plan and centered on a top-lit. An innovative three-dimensional façade gives the building a distinctive presence while reducing energy and maintenance demands.

Information source:
– Foster + Partners Project Page : https://www.fosterandpartners.com/projects/samba-headquarters/

About GAMMA AR

GAMMA AR is a Construction App that brings BIM models intuitively to the construction site using Augmented Reality. It helps BIM Managers, Construction Site Managers, and other stakeholders to prevent errors and facilitate communication between the field and the office.

Check out the features of the software and start your 30-day free trial now.

If you have any questions or need support, send us an email at info@gamma-ar.com

If you have not tried GAMMA AR yet, start your free trial now. The application is available on iOS and on Android

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Choose your favorite building: Amazing Libraries

Choose your favorite building: Amazing Libraries

This week’s theme (on 11th of August 2021) is Amazing Libraries. In the competition, three different from China, Austria, and Luxembourg.

1. The Cloudscape of Haikou

the cloudscape of Haikou building
Source photo: Arch-Exist

The Cloudscape of Haikou is a library located between land and sea in Century Park along the Haikou Bay coastline in China.

The description provided by the Architects

The Cloudscape of Haikou is the first of sixteen coastal pavilions commissioned by the Haikou Tourism and Culture Investment Holding Group to rejuvenate the historic port city, with the aim of improving public space along the coastline. Known as “Haikou, Pavilions by the Seaside,” the initiative invited teams of internationally recognized architects, artists, and interdisciplinary professionals to create sixteen landmark public stations.

The project started in 2019 and was completed in 2021, designed by MAD Architects and led by Ma Yansong.

The library is made of flowing form and informed by a cast of white concrete walls. The building was built by using cast in concrete, implemented by both a CNC (Computer Numerical Control) and 3D printed formwork, to ensure accuracy and create seamlessness across the curved surfaces.

The sculptural concrete form was named as one of the “most anticipated projects of 2021” by The Times of London.

“Spirituality is the core value of architecture. It contributes to the humanistic atmosphere of a city. We want this building to be an urban space that people would like to make part of their daily lives. Architecture, art, humanity, and nature meet here, opening up a journey of visitors’ imaginations to explore and appreciate the meaning that different beauties bring to their lives.”

Ma Yansong

Information source:
– MAD Architects project page: http://www.i-mad.com/work/the-cloudscape-of-haikou/?cid=4
– WA: https://worldarchitecture.org/article-links/evpev/mad-completes-the-cloudscape-of-haikou-with-flowing-form-in-haikou-china.html

2. Public Library Dornbirn

public library Dornbirn building
Source photo: Aldo Amoretti

The Public Library Dornbirn, as it’s been named, is located in Dornbirn, Austria. The construction started in 2018 and was completed in 2019.

The project is the result of an international architectural contest between 18 architects in 2015, results revealed the beginning of 2016. Among the 18 different projects presented, it is the Dietrich Untertrifaller Architekten who stood out with a spectacular aspect: represent the library – the kingdom of reading par excellence – by a surface made up of “books” encompassing and delimiting the space.

The Description provided by the Architects

The library of the town of Dornbirn was designed as an inter-generational sharing, meeting, and learning space. It promotes reading and the practice of languages, the exploration of computerized research methods, and new forms of communication.

The joint project of the architectural offices Dietrich | Untertrifaller and Christian Schmoelz succeeded against 18 competitors and won the international architectural competition in early 2016. “The new library is a milestone for Dornbirn’s culture and education,” says Mayor Andrea Kaufmann happily.

Urban Context

The ovoid-shaped pavilion was established autonomously and seems to have been placed in the park from above. It stands out expressively among the rectangular shapes of the surrounding buildings. The external path crosses the building, which then becomes a public space.

For its impressive architecture, the architects received Hypo Client’s Award 2020 and Archello’s Best Projects 2020 recognition.

Information source:
https://www.floornature.eu/dietrich-untertrifaller-signe-la-nouvelle-bibliotheque-publi-15951/
– Dietrich Untertrifaller project page: https://www.dietrich.untertrifaller.com/en/projects/stadtbuecherei-dornbirn/?lang=en

3. National Library of Luxembourg

national library Luxembourg building
Source photo: By GilPe – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=82774090

The National Library of Luxembourg, known in French as Bibliothèque Nationale du Luxembourg and abbreviated as BnL is located in the Kirchberg district of Luxembourg City. 

The BnL is the largest scientific library in Luxembourg. It is in 2003 that an international architectural contest in launched to design the new public library of Luxembourg, won by Bolles + Wilson and WW+ architektur + management. The construction started in 2013 and was completed in 2019

The description provided by the Architects:

The task of the Patrimonial and Universal Library is the housing and protection of Cultural and Intellectual Texts – a foundation stone of the intellectual community. For the BnL a compact, energy-efficient building volume houses a wide range of functional entities. A transparent imposing, but at the same time inviting, facade fronts onto the Avenue John F. Kennedy. Internal functions unfold sequentially from this entrance gesture; Foyer +, Café (with upper-level Conference + seminar rooms), next to the Reading Room – a landscape of terraced workstations and bookshelves.

Information source:
https://bolles-wilson.com/projects/
https://www.wwplus.eu/en/projects/project-details/education-research-learning/bibliotheque-nationale-luxembourg-lux

About GAMMA AR

GAMMA AR is a Construction App that brings BIM models intuitively to the construction site using Augmented Reality. It helps BIM Managers, Construction Site Managers, and other stakeholders to prevent errors and facilitate communication between the field and the office.

Check out the features of the software and start your 30-day free trial now.

If you have any questions or need support, send us an email at info@gamma-ar.com

If you have not tried GAMMA AR yet, start your free trial now. The application is available on iOS and on Android

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Top 4 of Extraordinary Buildings

Top 4 of Extraordinary Buildings

Whether you are an Architecture lover, professional or just curious about the story behind the many buildings that surround us, you may find our edition of the most extraordinary buildings in the world interesting. This month, we are interested in 4 opera houses, that are considered the most wonderful and beautiful ones in the world. Discover or re-discover them now! 

1. Sydney Opera House by Jørn Utzon 

sydney opera house building
Source photo: By Bernard Spragg. NZ from Christchurch, New Zealand – Sydney Australia., CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=70521604

The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts center located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It is one of the 20th century’s most famous and distinctive buildings

The project’s actors 

The opera was designed by the Danish Architect Jørn Utzon, who won, in 1957, the international competition to design a national opera house for Sydney’s Bennelong Point (Facts: There were 233 entries, representing Architects from 32 countries). The building was completed by an Australian architectural team headed by Peter Hall. The Structural Engineer on this project was Ove Arup & Partners, a British multinational professional services firm headquartered in London. 

The design & construction

The construction started in 1959 and was completed in 1973, with an opening and inauguration of the premises on the 20th of October 1973. The Sydney Opera House is a modern expressionist design with a series of large precast concrete “shells”, each composed of sections of a sphere, forming the roofs of the structure, set on a monumental podium1

You may ask yourself why the project was not completed by Utzon himself? 

Let’s go back to 1965, when the Sydney Opera House was under construction. As the official website of the Sydney Opera House tells us, Davis Hughes, Minister of Works at that time, began questioning Utzon’s designs, schedules and cost estimates. It cost to Utzon to be forced to withdraw as chief architect in February 1966, as Hughes stopped paying him. 

Protests and marches were going through Sydney’s streets to demand Utzon’s reinstalment as Architect of the project. However, in April 1966, it is Architect Peter Hall that was assigned to design the Opera House’s interiors. 

The story does not stop here! Utzon was re-engaged in 1999, more than 20 years after, to develop a set of Design Principles. 

Jørn Utzon, in 2002, about his Design Principles: My job is to articulate the overall vision and detailed design principles for the site, and for the form of the building and its interior. 

The recognition & awards

Jørn Utzon received the Pritzker Architecture Prize, architecture’s highest honor, in 2003. It is the same year that the Opera House celebrated its 30th birthday. 

There is no doubt that the Sydney Opera House is his masterpiece. It is one of the great iconic buildings of the 20th century, an image of great beauty that has become known throughout the world – a symbol for not only a city but a whole country and continent. 

Pritzker Prize’s citation

1: Description founded on Architectuul.comSaut de page 

2. Palais Garnier by Charles Garnier

palais garnier building
Source photo: By Juanedc from Zaragoza, España – Academie Nationale de Musique, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27828157

The Palais Garnier or Opéra Garnier is an opera house at Place de l’Opéra in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, France. By so far, it is the oldest build we are going to present in a Top of Extraordinary Buildings’ edition. It is also one of Paris’ most visited monuments. 

The history goes back to 1858, following the Orsini’s assassination attempt on Napoleon III.  For the safety of Emperor Napoleon III and because he wanted to mark his passage in the architecture of Paris and build a sumptuous hall to his glory1, he demanded the construction of what we know now as the Palais Garnier. The construction started in August 1862 and was completed and opened the 5 January 1875.

The project’s actors

It is on 30 of December 1960 that the Second Empire of Emperor Napoleon III officially announced an architectural design competition for the design of the new opera house. There were two phases to the competition and Architect Charles Garnier’s project was one of the 170 others submitted in the first phase to be selected. Garnier’s project was awarded the 5th place prize and became one of the 7 finalists selected for the second phase. 

It was on 29 May 1861 that Garnier’s project was selected for its “rare and superior qualities in the beautiful distribution of the plans, the monumental and characteristic aspect of the facades and sections2

The design & construction

The design and plans of Charles Garnier are representative of the Napoleon III style. What does this style mean? As we can see in the book Caractéristiques des styles by Robert Ducher, the style is highly eclectic and include elements from the Baroque, the classicism of Palladio, and Renaissance architecture blended together.  

1https://www.operadeparis.fr/magazine/350-ans/architecture/les-salles-de-lopera-389  

2: Quoted and translated in Mead 1991

3. Harbin Opera House by Ma Yansong 

harbin opera house building
Source photo: By Pressimad – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60250991

The Harbin Opera House, also known as the Harbin Grand Theatre, is a multi-venue performing arts center in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China. Harbin is a UNESCO-listed “City of Music”, it is the city that hosts the renowned annual Harbin Summer Music Concert and the metropolis where China’s first ever orchestra was established. The Harbin Opera House is the centerpiece of Habrin’s Cultural Island. This Cultural Island is arts hub that include the Harvin Labor Recreation Center and Harbin Great Square

The construction of this fabulous center started in April 2011 and were completed with an opening and inauguration in 2015

The project’s actors

The story began in 2010 for the prestigious Harbin Opera House that is compared to the Sydney Opera House by CNN1MAD Architects won the international open competition for Harbin Cultural Island, the desire of the clients was this following: to design a new cultural landmark for the city of Harbin, to include two performance venues2

It is the founder and Architect Ma Yansong that design the structure. 

The design & construction

There is a lot to say about the design of this opera house! As we can all observe, the architectural form of the grand theatre is a continuation of the natural environment of the Cultural Island at it becomes part of the landscape, like mentioned by ArchDailyMa Yansong wanted its snow-white structure to be the opposite of modern landmark buildings in Chinese cities. His envision of the Harbin Opera House is split in two things: be both a tremendous performance venue, as well as a dramatic public space that embodies the integration of human, art and the city identity, while synergistically blending with the surrounding nature3

About the construction, it is interesting to know that a building like the Harbin Opera House could not have been made a decade ago. Thanks to new technologies, such as the construction app GAMMA AR, many buildings are more easily built these days. Here, a combination of technological and engineering leaps, computer wizardry and fearless deep-pocketed clients has meant that now, for the first time, architects are able to give free-rein to their wildest imaginations4

The recognition & awards

The Harbin Opera House received lots of recognition reflected by 3 prestigious awards:
– ArchDaily 2016 Building of the Year Award
– WAN Performing Spaces Award 2016
– 2017 IALD Award

1http://edition.cnn.com/style/article/harbin-opera-house/index.html  

2https://web.archive.org/web/20181214213939/https://backstage.worldarchitecturenews.com/wanawards/project/harbin-opera-house/?source=sector&selection=longlist 

3https://www.architectureartdesigns.com/breathtaking-harbin-opera-house-china-mad-architects/ 

4https://projects.archiexpo.com/project-210932.html

4. Guangzhou Opera House by Zaha Hadid

Guangzhou opera house building
Source photo: By Mr a — Own Work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20338813 

The Guangzhou Opera House is an opera house located in Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China. The opera is the biggest performing center in southern China and is one of the biggest theatres in the nation alongside with Beijing’s National Centre for the Performing Arts and Shangai’s Shangai Grand Theatre. The construction started in January 2005 and was inaugurated the 9th of May, 2010.  

The project’s actors

It was in April 2002 that an international architectural competition was launched. Coop Himmelb(l)auRem Koolhaas and Zaha Hadid each will produced detailed designs1. It is the British-Iraqui Architect Zaha Hadid and her “double pebble” design that was announced winner of the competition in November 2002. The Guangzhou Opera House is the first Chinese project of the first woman winner of the Pritzker Architecture Prize

“The Guangzhou Opera House project is a landmark of my architectural career, while my experiences in China since the 1980s have also been seminal to my art creation.” 

Zaha Hadid about the project

The design & construction

By leaving such a project to an innovative and creative woman like Zaha Hadid, the promise to build an original opera that fits to the environment is complete! The Architect leave her signature style with a “twin boulder” design. The structure is conceived as two rocks washed away by the Pearl River 

The design interplay between architecture and nature with an open access to the riverside and dock areas, which create a new dialogue with the emerging town2

1https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guangzhou_Opera_House  

2https://www.zaha-hadid.com/architecture/guangzhou-opera-house/  

About GAMMA AR

GAMMA AR is a Construction App that brings BIM models to the construction site using Augmented Reality. It helps BIM Managers, Construction Site Managers, and other stakeholders to prevent errors and facilitate communication between the field and the office.

Check out the features of the software and start your 30-day free trial now.

If you have any questions or need support, send us an email at info@gamma-ar.com

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Choose your favorite building: Incredible universities

Choose your favorite building: Incredible universities

This week’s theme (on 4th of August 2021) is Incredible Universites. In the competition, three amazing and innovative buildings for medical, technology and arts’ research and studies.

1. Roy and Diana Vagelos Education Center at Columbia University Medical Center

roy and Diana Vagelos building
Source photo: Iwan Baan / Nic Lehoux

The Roy and Diana Vagelos Education Center is located at the Columbia University Medical Center, in New York, USA. It opened to faculty and students on August 15, 2016 and was designed by Architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro, in collaboration with Gensler.

The building is named in recognition of the generosity of an initial lead gift from P. Roy Vagelos, MD, a distinguished alumnus of Columbia’s College of Physicians and Surgeons, and his wife, Diana Vagelos, an alumna of Barnard College and the Vice Chair of the Trustees of Barnard College.

In 2010, the Columbia University Medical Center held a competition to reinvent the look of its education center. With one strategy in mind: to separate all the public spaces and functions in the program from the truly clinical spaces, and to collect and stack them into a vertical campus. Architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro, in collaboration with Gensler changed all that with their modern project. DS+R worked on a design research in what was for them a new institutional typology. Thus, they organized the campus in four stacked neighborhoods defined by fire enclosures.

Architect Magazine thus mentioned: Students are hiking in the air in the middle of New York.

For this building, the architects received the 2017 AIA New York Design Award and was mentioned by The New York Times as Best Architecture in New York in 2017.

Information source:
– ArchDaily: https://www.archdaily.com/793971/roy-and-diana-vagelos-education-center-diller-scofidio-plus-renfro
– Architect Magazine: https://www.architectmagazine.com/project-gallery/columbia-university-roy-and-diana-vagelos-education-center_o
– 2017 AIA New York Design Award: https://www.aiany.org/architecture/awards/2017-aiany-design-award/
– DS+R project page: https://dsrny.com/project/roy-and-diana-vagelos-education-center?index=false&section=projects&search=roy%20and%20Diana%20Vagelos&tags=realized
– Best Archictecture in New York – 2017: https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/15/arts/comfort-and-joy-in-bricks-and-mortar.html?mcubz=0

2. EnTek Building at University of Bergen

entek building
Source photo: Courtesy of Arkitema Architects & Arkitektgruppen Cubus

The EnTek building, which is the acronym for Energy and Technology, is an advanced research and training complex which contains state-of-the-art facilities for teaching and research at the University of Bergen. The building is located in Nygårdshøyden, Norway.

The project was initiated by Science City Bergen in connection with an international architectural competition in 2016. As reported by Ariktema Architects, the aim of this project is simple: to create a new environment for collaboration between academic research and industry and to be an international innovation cluster for energy, climate, and technology.

With this creation, EnTek is dedicated to becoming a place offering an inclusive and integrated architectural concept, in response to the visions, needs and goals of individuals, the university and the city of Bergen.

The winners of the competition to design EnTek are Danish firm Arkitema Architects in collaboration with Arkitektgruppen Cubus. The project is still ongoing.

Per Fischer, Senior Partner of Ariketma Architects says about the design of the building: “Situated right next to the oldest building on campus […] the building will mark a new and modern arrival to the university, but at the same time, symbolically linking future and past”.

Information source:
– Cowi: https://www.cowi.com/solutions/architecture/energy-and-technology-building-for-the-university-of-bergen
– ArchDaily: https://www.archdaily.com/798070/arkitema-architects-unveils-new-university-of-bergen-energy-and-technology-building
– Arkitema Architects: https://arkitema.com/en/project/entek

3. Moody Center for the Arts at Rice University

Moody Center for the arts building
Source photo: Nash Baker / Thomas Struth

The Moody Center for the Arts at Rice University is located in Texas, USA. Its mission is to encourage creative thinking and original expression, enrich curricular innovation, and promote cross-campus and community collaboration through transformative encounters with the arts, as mentioned on the Center’s website. The state-of-the-art facility was completed in 2017 and designed and renowned by Michael Maltzan Architecture.

The design purpose here is to confirm Moody’s mission to foster connections across disciplines, with bold geometric shapes and inviting transparency, in a contemporary style.

In 2017, the Moody is the recipient of a Design Honor Award from the AIA California Council for its inspiring architectural design.

Information source:
– ArchDaily: https://www.archdaily.com/806081/moody-center-for-the-arts-michael-maltzan-architecture
– Moody Center for the Arts: https://moody.rice.edu
– Michael Maltzan Architecture project page: https://www.mmaltzan.com/projects/rice-university-moody-center-for-the-arts/

About GAMMA AR

GAMMA AR is a Construction App that brings BIM models intuitively to the construction site using Augmented Reality. It helps BIM Managers, Construction Site Managers, and other stakeholders to prevent errors and facilitate communication between the field and the office.

Check out the features of the software and start your 30-day free trial now.

If you have any questions or need support, send us an email at info@gamma-ar.com

If you have not tried GAMMA AR yet, start your free trial now. The application is available on iOS and on Android

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Choose your favorite building: Exceptional Bridge

Choose your favorite building: Exceptional Bridge

This week’s theme (on 28th of July 2021) is Exceptional Bridges. In the competition, this time not two but three buildings. Bridges designed by famous and prestigious Architects: Norman Foster, Santiago Calatrava and Zaha Hadid. And all, in different parts of the world: Spain, France and Taiwan.

1. Viaduc de Millau by Norman Foster

the Millau viaduct bridge building
Source photo: Eiffage

The Millau Viaduct is a cable-stayed bridge crossing the Tarn Valley, in the Aveyron department in France. The construction of this incredible bridge only took 3 years, from December 2001 to December 2004. For this project, thousands of workers participated in the creation of the bridge.

The bridge was conceived by Engineer Michel Virlogeux and designed by Architect Sir Norman Foster, and realized by Groupe Eiffage, specialist in civil engineering and steel construction. As also mentioned on Foster + Partners’ website, bridges are often considered to belong to the realm of the engineer rather than that of the architectNorman Foster has proven the capacity of an Architect to design in close collaboration with Structural Engineers. And thus, the capacity to play an integral role in the design of bridges.

Documentation about the bridge:
– For French speakers, the steps of the construction: https://www.leviaducdemillau.com/fr/comprendre/les-6-etapes-hors-du-commun-de-la-construction-du-viaduc
– Foster & Partners’ project page: https://www.fosterandpartners.com/projects/millau-viaduct/

2. Puente del Alamillo by Santiago Calatrava

the Alamillo bridge building
Source photo: By Andrew Dunn – Own work, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=786429

The Alamillo Bridge is a structure in Seville, Andalucía, Spain, which spans the Canal de Alfonso XIII, allowing access to La Cartuja. The bridge consists of a single straight steel-shell tower, infilled reinforced concrete and inclined backward, counterbalancing a 200m span with 13 pairs of cable. The static concept of the bridge can be traced back to the 1986 sculpture of Spanish Architect and Structural Engineer, Santiago Calatrava, entitled Running Torso.

About its history: the bridge was built as part of the infrastructure improvements of the Expo 92 World Fair. The construction was designed by Santiago Calatrava, then started in 1989 and was completed in 1992. In the same year, Calatrava received the CEOE Foundation ‘VI Dragados y Construcciones Prize’ award for the Alamillo Bridge

Documentation about the bridge:
– Wikipedia page in English: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alamillo_Bridge
– Santiago Calatrava’s project page: https://calatrava.com/projects/alamillo-bridge-cartuja-viaduct-seville.html

3. Danjiang Bridge by Zaha Hadid

The Danjiang Bridge is an under-construction road and light rail bridge spanning the mouth of the Tamsui River, which will link Bali and Tamsui in New Taipei City, Taiwan. The construction started in October 2014 and is estimated to end in September 2024. The bridge was commissioned by the Directorate General of Highways and was designed to provide a connection to the national highway system and to ease congestion on the Guandu Bridge that is situated further upriver.

The bridge was designed by Architect Zaha Hadid, who sadly passed away on the 31, March 2016. The Danjiang Bridge is one of her incomplete projects, but is still supported by her firm, Zaha Hadid Architects, in collaboration with Sinotech Engineering Consultants and 

Leonhardt Andra und Partner Beratende Ingenieure, who have won an international competition to design the Danjiang Bridge.

Documentation about the building:
– Wikipedia page in English: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danjiang_Bridge
– Article about the international competition: https://architectureau.com/articles/zaha-hadid-world-first-bridge-design-wins-competition/?mc_cid=5900ec4259&mc_eid=8c11c6ad66
– Zaha Hadid Architects’ project page: https://www.zaha-hadid.com/architecture/danjiang-bridge/

About GAMMA AR

GAMMA AR is a Construction App that brings BIM models intuitively to the construction site using Augmented Reality. It helps BIM Managers, Construction Site Managers, and other stakeholders to prevent errors and facilitate communication between the field and the office.

Check out the features of the software and start your 30-day free trial now.

If you have any questions or need support, send us an email at info@gamma-ar.com

If you have not tried GAMMA AR yet, start your free trial now. The application is available on iOS and on Android

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Choose your favorite building: Original Museum

Choose your favorite building: Original Museum

At GAMMA AR, we like to share knowledge and educate people about architecture and construction. Every month, we try to help our public to discover new architecture and their stories. This is why, today, in a weekly and fun game, we will present original and wonderful buildings. For this week (on 21st of July, 2021), the theme is Original Museum. Discover two beautiful museums, with their specific architecture, telling stories that are just as fabulous. 

1. Shigeru Ban’s Mount Fuji World Heritage

The Mont Fuji World Heritage Center is a museum located in the city of Fujinomaiya, Japan. 

The Mt. Fuji was granted UNESCO World Heritage status as it has “inspired artists and poets and been the object of pilgrimage for centuries”, reports the world class firm, Arup. On this occasion, a competition of 238 candidates was held to select the new design of the center. The winner was, Shigeru Ban, in collaboration with Arup. To remind of the iconic “Mt. Fuji”, the architecture is shaped like an inverted mountain. The center is open since 2017

Inside the building shaped like an inverted mountain is a spirally curved slope which leads gradually from the first floor up to the fifth. Viewing the exhibits as they ascend the slope, visitors can enjoy a virtual taste of the experience of climbing the mountain. When they reach the top (fifth) floor, there is an observation hall with a large picture window offering a breathtaking panoramic view of the real Mt. Fuji, which changes its expression from moment to moment. Springwater from Mt. Fuji is drawn into the Center building and used as an air conditioning heat source and is then channeled to the Reflecting Pool in front of the building, architecturally conveying the cycle of water on Mt. Fuji.” 

Shigeru Ban about the architecture

2. Oscar Niemeyer’s Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói

The Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói, also known as MAC, is a museum of contemporary art in Niterói, Brazil. The project is designed by Oscar Niemeyer, assisted by Engineer Bruno Conni. The construction of the museum took five years and opened in 1996.

About the architecture: The circular form, suspended in front of Guanabara Bay with a spiral ramp, expresses in itself the power of the Museum as a place that celebrates the special meeting between the freedom of artistic creation and society as parts of the world-scape.

“The sea, the mountains of Rio, a magnificent landscape that I should preserve”. Second, “(…) And I went up with the building, adopting the circular shape that, in my view, the space required (…)”

“(…)And I felt that the museum would be beautiful and so different from the others that rich and poor would take pleasure in visiting it.”

Oscar Niemeyer / text translated from museum’s website

About GAMMA AR

GAMMA AR is a Construction App that brings BIM models to the construction site using Augmented Reality. It helps BIM Managers, Construction Site Managers, and other stakeholders to prevent errors and facilitate communication between the field and the office.

Check out the features of the software and start your 30-day free trial now.

If you have any questions or need support, send us an email at info@gamma-ar.com

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If you have not tried GAMMA AR yet, start your free trial now. The application is available on iOS and on Android

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The great stories behind the Stadiums where Europe played the 2020 European Cup

Stories behind the Stadiums where Europe played 2020 European Cup

Sunday, July 11th marked the end of the 2020 European Cup, with the victory of Italy. A great moment of emotion and sharing – despite the sanitary restrictions – for Europe. In honor of this finale, we would like to highlight the 11 stadiums that hosted the 24 European teams. What do you know about the story of these stadiums? About the architecture?
Whether you are an architecture lover, a Football passionate, or just a curious user: Let’s find out now!

1. Wembley Stadium (England)

The Wembley Stadium hosted the finale of Euro 2020. It is one of the most famous Stadiums in Europe. You probably know it from famous events (concerts, cups, etc…)

But did you know that the stadium that we know is actually the new one? Indeed, the old Wembley Stadium that was inaugurated in 1923 was demolished in 2000. The construction work on the new stadium began in 2002 and was completed in 2007 with an opening to the public on 9 March 2007.

It was designed by the architects Foster + Partners and HOK Sport (now Populous) and the engineers Mott Stadium Consortium (Mott MacDonald, Sinclair Knight Merz and Aurecon). The design of the building services was carried out by Mott MacDonald

Wembley Stadium under construction
By ProhibitOnions at English Wikipedia – Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21419

As Design Build Network wrote, “The aim of the project was to design and build a state-of-the-art national stadium, unlike any other in the world, which would be the home of English football and to host large events such as Cup Finals, music events and athletics.”.

The promis is well held. It still hosts the most important sport games, and the best British concerts are played there!

2. The Stadio Olimpico (Italy)

Stadio olimpico stadium
https://www.lacucinaitaliana.it/storie/luoghi/dove-mangiare-vicino-stadio-olimpico/?refresh_ce=

The Stadio Olimpico has met several renovations. Located in Rome (Italy), it was built in 1927 and partially opened in 1932. Do you know the first name of the stadium? In 1937 it was called the Stadio dei Cipressi. The construction work began in 1927, under the direction of Turinese engineer Angelo Frisa and Architect Enrico Del Debbio.

In 1953, the working site was reopened for the completion of the stadium under the direction of the engineer Carlo Roccatelli. It is in 1951, after his death, that the direction of work has been entrusted to the architect Annibale Vitellozzi. At this time, the stadium was known as Stadio dei Centomila.

The stadium was finally renamed for the 1960 Olympics as we know it: the Stadio Olimpico.

stadio olimpico in 1950
By Unknown author – #StadioOlimpico #Rome (1950’s) (in english). OldFootballPhotos (April 10, 2018)., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=68223225

The stadium was the main stadium for the 1990 FIFA World Cup, for which there was necessary restructuring and roofing of it. The work was entrusted to a team of designers including the architect Annibale Vitellozziowho worked on the previous completion of the stadium.

3. Allianz Arena (Germany)

Allianz arena
By Maximilian Dörrbecker (Chumwa) – Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2266842

The Allianz Arena is located in Munich, Germany. The construction work of the stadium began in 2002 and was officially opened in 2005. It was designed by the Swiss architects Herzog & de Meuron; they developed the concept of the stadium with a see-through exterior made of self-cleaning ETFE-foil panels that can be lit from the inside.

Allianz Arena under construction
https://www.dlubal.com/fr/img/012449

Words of the architects about the construction:

Three themes define our architectural and urban concept for the world championship football stadium in Munich (the Allianz Arena): the presence of the stadium as an illuminated body that can change its appearance and is situated in an open landscape, the procession-like arrival of fans in a landscaped area and the crater-like interior of the stadium itself

Full article: https://www.herzogdemeuron.com/index/projects/complete-works/201-225/205-allianz-arena.html

4. Johan Cruyff Arena (Netherlands)

Johan Cruijff ArenA
By Alf van Beem – Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33391291

The Johan Cruijff Arena (in dutch) is the main stadium of the Dutch capital city of Amsterdam in the Netherlands. Do you know where the stadium got its name from? It was previously named Amsterdam Arena until the 2018-19 football season when it was renamed after the death and in honour of legendary Dutch footballer Johan Cruyff who died in March 2016. The stadium’s original architect is Rob Schuurman, the construction work started in 1993 and was completed in 1996.

The 1993 construction work was undertaken by Ballast Nedam and the Royal BAM Group and took almost 3 years to complete. In 2015, there was a renovation on the stadium’s facade planned to be completed in 2020 for the 4 matches of the Euro 2020. Construction works started in 2017 and were completed in 2018.

5. Baku Olympic Stadium (Azerbaijan)

Bako Olimpya Stadionu
By Kremlin.ru, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44056915

The Bako Olimpya Stadionu of its real name is the largest stadium in Azerbaijan. The construction work started in 2012 with the excavation and backfilling of the stadium area. The works were completed, and the stadium opened in 2015. The architects on the projects were TOCA for the Concept design, Heerim and ROSSETTI (Sports Architect), Structural engineer was Thornton Tomasetti

The stadium hosted athletics and ceremonies of 2015 European Games and the 2019 UEFA Europa League Finale. For Euro 2020, the stadium hosted three matches of Group A and the Czech Republic – Demark Quarter-finals. 

Bako Olimpya Stadionu
By Interfase – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31016222

6. Krestovsky Stadium (Russia)

Krestovsky Stadium
By photo by A.Savin / crop by Osepu – This file has been extracted from another file: Spb 06-2017 img40 Krestovsky Stadium.jpg, FAL, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=70299129

The Krestovsky Stadium is known as Gazprom Arena (for sponsorship reasons) and is located in Saint Petersburg in Russia. It was built as one of the venues for the 2018 FIFA World Cup. The architect on the project was Kisho Kurokawa, the design was a modified and enlarged version of the Toyota Stadium in Toyota City, Japan, which was also designed by Kurokawa.

The planning of the stadium began in 2005 and construction started in 2008. The stadium was completed and opened in 2017.

kestrovsky stadium under construction
http://www.transstroy.ru/en/activity/projects/civil-sonstruction/construction-of-a-football-stadium-on-the-western-side-of-krestovsky-island-in-st-petersburg.html

About the construction:

In order to meet the project requirements, various up-to-date technologies are applied, such as the movable field system to keep the turf fresh throughout a year, the retractable roof with hot air-inflated membrane structure to melt the snow in winter and etc.

The stadium is also designed as a sustainable and environment-friendly eco-architecture where most advanced environmental technologies are introduced such as the rainwater and drainage water recycling system, the use of solar energy and etc.”

Full article: https://www.kisho.co.jp/page/480.html

7. Puskás Aréna (Hungary)

puisas arena stadium
By OD Pictures – Kiemelt Kormányzati Beruházások Központja Nonprofit Zrt., CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=86002311

The Puskás Aréna is located in the 14th district (Zugló) of Budapest, Hungary. The project idea appeared in 2011. It was in 2014 that the Hungarian architect György Skardelli showed his original plans (He was the designer of the László Papp Budapest Sports Arena). The same year, the original design of the stadium was voted for best design by Stadiumcb.com. The construction work started in 2017, built in the lace of the former Ferenc Puskas Stadium whose demolition was completed in 2016. The stadium was ready and opened in 2019 for the football match between the national teams of Hungary and Uruguay.

As mentioned above, the construction work took place on what was the initial stadium. The idea of the design was to preserve what characterizes the former building but also adapting it and implementing modern techniques. Basically, the goal was to avoid an erasure of the old stadium. 

puskas arena under construction
http://stadiumdb.com/constructions/hun/puskas_ferenc_stadion

8. Arena Națională (Romania)

arena nationala
https://www.gmp.de/en/projects/533/national-arena-bucharest

The Arena Națională is located in Bucharest, Romania. The stadium was built on the site of the original National Stadium, which was demolished from 2007 to 2008. The construction of the new stadium began in 2008 and it opened in 2011. The winners of the tender that had the chance to design and build it were the German Max Boegl and Italian Astaldi. The architects who worked with them on the project were Gerkan, Marg and Partners.

arena nationala 3d sketch
https://www.gmp.de/en/projects/533/national-arena-bucharest

The stadium is one of the few in the 2020 European competition, along with Wembley, to have a retractable roof.

About the construction:

The new roofed soccer arena takes up the existing structure of the earthen ramp and, together with the reinforced concrete structure of the upper tier and the steel roof structure, creates the structural center of the historic sports park.

Full article: https://www.gmp.de/en/projects/533/national-arena-bucharest

9. Estadio La Cartuja (Spain)

Estadio la cartuja stadium
https://eldesmarque.com/sevilla/provincial/1128313-el-estadio-de-la-cartuja-cierra-al-menos-un-ano

The stadium is officially known as Estadio La Cartuja de Sevilla and is in Seville, Spain. The construction work started in 1997 and was completed in 1999 for the World Championships in Athletics. The stadium was first planned and built for the 2004 Olympics. The architects of this project are Antonio Cruz Villalonand Antonio Ortiz Garcia from Cruz y Ortiz Arquitectos.

About the construction:

Sinking the level of the sports track in relation to the natural level of the land, the access to the stadium is situated at an intermediate level, resulting in a minor difference between levels for spectators and reducing problems of evacuation. Thus, a building both silhouette-style and horizontal was designed, which incorporating several other purposes such as a hotel and offices, adopts an external perimeter marked by a series of angles and protrusions. This strongly contrasts to the obligatory continuous and oval lines of the seating area and roof.

On the one hand, the building has been generated by the contrast -the marked difference between the exterior and the interior- and on the other by the efforts to unify several functions of varying sizes and natures in one single building.

Article available on the architects’ website: https://www.cruzyortiz.com/portfolio/la-cartuja-athletics-stadium/?content=descripcion

estadio la cartujano under construction
https://twitter.com/estadios_spain/status/939837506115252224?lang=es

10. Hampden Park (Scotland)

hampden park stadium
Photo by David Goddard/Getty Images

The Hampden Park is often referred to as Hampden only and is located in the Mount Florida area of Glasgow, Scotland. What do you know exactly about this stadium? From all the stadiums we saw above, it is by far the oldest! It opened in 1903.

Hampden Park is part of the history of the Queen’s Park football club, the first Scottish club founded in 1867. But the Football team’s story is not what you want to hear about here. The story begins when the club had tomove out to another field: the Hampden Park, in 1883. It was in the late 80s that architect James Millerdesigned twin grandstands along the south side of the ground with a pavilion wedged in between. The natural slopes were designed by Archibald Leitch and were shaped to form banks of terracing. This construction took over three years to complete. In 1920, this is how the stadium looked like:

hampden park in 1920
https://www.theglasgowstory.com/image/?inum=TGSA00546

But the story does not stop here (which makes of Hampden Park the longest part of this article). But let’s move forward! We are in the late 1970s, Hampden Park needs a renewal. From here on the stadium will meet different phases, the final one being in 1997 and was open again for the 1999 Scottish Cup Final:

hampen park in 1999 after renovation
By Roger May, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=704342

11. Parken Stadium (Denmark)

parken stadium
By Leif Jørgensen – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=48731383

The Parken Stadium is simply known as Parken and as Telia Parken and in Denmark. The stadium was built from 1990 to 1992. Like Wembley and Arena Națională, it features a retractable roof. Parken was built on the site of former Denmark national stadium Idrætsparken. The architect in charge of the project was Gert Andersson. For the architecture, Andersson was inspired from large Italian sport arenas where the public can keep the feeling of proximity of the activities.

About the construction from Levi Jensen (worked closely with the architect):

Parken Stadium is built around four corner buildings housing office facilities and with four linking spectator tribunes. The roofs of the tribunes are all constructed with visible space frame structures.

Later a flexible roof construction also made with space frames was equipped making it possible to cover the entire stadium with a large expandable roof.

Article available HERE

Parker stadium in the inside
By Pathfinder77 – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17773446

Here are the stories of the 11 Stadiums that host the 2020 European Cup. Each of them has their specific own story which makes them unique.

Which one of them is your favorite? In which one did you go already?

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